Though there are no drugs invented yet to permanently treat migraine, there are so many things you can do to minimize or even prevent the recurrences of its painful attacks.
Avoiding precipitating factors like having regular sleeping habits, staying away from things and circumstances that causes stress, reducing stress through healthy and active lifestyle and avoiding food triggers are the best ways to prevent the severe headache. There had been therapies and procedures that showed good changes in reducing the severity and frequency of severe headache, one example of which is Biofeedback technique.
Biofeedback technique is done using monitoring tools and devices that display information of bodily functions are normally controlled by the body, like heart rate or blood pressure. This technique helps patient to learn control body functions consciously.
This condition is most of the time, inherited. If one from your parents or grandparents has this condition, you are more likely susceptible to this condition. Research shows that 80% of people with this condition have symptoms of recurring headache in their family. Actually, there is no single gene that can be blamed with the development of the condition; it is actually a combination of gene that leads to headache-causing migraine.
Women are more susceptible to migraine attacks, and the known triggers from this condition are drugs like birth control pills and drugs that contain estrogen like hormone replacement therapy medications. These medications should be avoided to reduce the risk of an attack.
There are also so many developed medications now to reduce the severity of migraine attacks. And they are divided into 3 categories, the pain relievers, vasoconstrictors, and triptans. Example of pain reliever drugs are NSAIDs or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
This drug may not specifically target the cause of the severe headache, but it can reduce the severity of the pain. Some doctors prescribe their patients with severe conditions with stronger pain-relievers, like codeine drugs. All these drugs can greatly help reduce the pain, but they also impose uncomfortable side-effects, which sometimes can be harmful in long term use.
Right diagnosis is very important before taking any therapy and medical treatments for this condition. Only the physician can give you the right diagnosis for this illness. Below are the frequently asked questions by the doctors to their patients who suspects to be have migraine condition.
- When does your headache occur?
- Are they related to your menstrual period?
- For how long the pain usually last?
- How painful is the pain?
- How often do you get an attack?
- Do you experience other symptoms like nausea or vomiting?
- Do you have a family history of migraine?
- What medications do you take and how often do you take them?
These questions should be answered by the patient properly, so the doctor can easily identify if the condition is just a mild recurring headache or if it is already a migraine. For thorough evaluation, doctors may request tests like CT scan and MRI to determine the severity of the pain caused by headache attacks.