Cancers accounts 80% of mortality rate in the population nowadays. They come in various ways which can bring harm to the persons infected by it and leaves that person financially deficit, physically distress, emotionally affected and mentally chaos. Imagine what things cancer brings to humans. It is like a stain that cannot be easily vanishing. In fact, it requires meticulous treatment and therapy in order to be totally cancer free. But there are limitations when it comes to survival rates in cancer. If the infected patient diagnosed earlier, then there are big probability that the success rate of treatments are successful.
That is why, you should be more aware of your body’s development and sudden changes in order to prevent your life from danger. Just like having peritoneal cancer, this kind of cancer brings sudden changes and harm towards your body. These articles will help you analyze what are the proper way of dealing with this kind of cancer and the possible treatments that you will undergo in order to achieve successful treatments.
A peritoneal cancer, medically speaking, it is a cancer in the peritoneum, which is a thin layer of tissue in the abdomen that serves as a protective layer around that protects the bladder, rectum and uterus in women. The main functions of your peritoneum are to allow the organs move effortlessly throughout the abdominal cavity. Cancer cells often attack the epithelial cells in the peritoneum leading it to the cancer developments. However, peritoneal cancers are very rare in case, but it is still an alarming condition among humans because it can give harm to your health. So, when cancer cells invade the peritoneum, the fluid production is affected which later on cause problems and clinical manifestations will manifest.
RISK FACTORS AND SYMPTOMS
Upon developing the peritoneal cancers, there are predisposing and precipitating factors which contributes to the formation of cancer cells in the peritoneum. The modifiable risk factors are;
- Genetic or family history- a history of cancer in the family like peritoneal cancer has the risk of developing cancer within the generations.
- Age- persons with the age of 60 above have the risk of acquiring peritoneal cancer.
- Gender- according to research, females are more often have the bigger possibility of developing peritoneal cancer.
- Alcoholic and smoking habits can also contributes to the development of this kind of cancer.
Once the risk factors are clearly associated with the development of peritoneal cancer, the clinical manifestations should be reviewed carefully so that proper diagnosis will be distinguished because, this type of cancer are wrongly diagnosed with ovarian cancer. That is why, proper assessments are encouraged, and the patients usually complaints of:
- Nausea and sour stomach
- Frequent painful urination
- There is an abnormal vaginal bleeding
- There is weight loss or sudden weight gain
- Pain in the abdominal area is present
- Indigestion, gas and bloated stomach are also experience
- Ascites or fluid accumulation inside the peritoneum is present
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling of fullness after meal is often experience
Furthermore, these manifestations are hardly recognize in the early stage, some patients will take it for granted and medicate themselves hoping that this will only pass away. They didn’t know that the more symptoms will experience and reoccur, this means that the condition is progressing that is why, immediate checkups is recommended in order to assess the condition.
In diagnosing the peritoneal cancer, the physician will conduct series of diagnostic procedures which will determine if there are cancers cells present in the body. The physician will conduct:
- Physical examinations involving the vagina, bladder, uterus, rectum, ovaries and the fallopian tubes which will review your medical history and examine if there are abnormalities in this body parts.
- Ct scan is done. This is a high powered computer x-ray machine that gives the physician a detailed picture inside your body.
- Ultrasound is also recommended. This kind of procedures uses high level frequency of sound waves in order to produced pictures inside the body.
- Biopsy is usually done. This is the most reliable test done to determine malignancy in your peritoneum. This is done by excising small tissues by opening the abdomen through surgical procedure and conduct laboratory study by a pathologist and they are the one who will confirm the diagnosis of cancer.
- Barium enema or lower gastrointestinal series. This test is done by giving the patient an enema and put the solution inside the intestine which will give clear pictures of the rectum and colon, in which it can spot the tumors inside the body.
- Paracentesis is done in order to remove the excess fluid and examine the fluid under the microscope.
- Blood test for CA-125 is ordered to measure the chemical levels of CA-125 in the blood. Higher levels of these chemicals will indicate ovarian or peritoneal cancer is present; however, it is not the confirmatory test for diagnosing peritoneal cancer.
The goal of treatment for peritoneal cancer is mainly on the promotion of higher survival rates among patients. That is why, the physician give their best to help the patient achieve this goal. Primarily the treatment involves are:
- Surgery – the removal of tumors in the peritoneum and other affected part like ovaries, uterus or the fallopian tube to ensure prevention of metastasis on this neighboring body parts. This is very helpful in the treatment process.
- Chemotherapy- after the surgery, chemotherapy is usually recommended in order to completely eradicate the cancer cells that invading the peritoneum. Be sure to instruct the patients the possible side effects of the chemotherapeutic agents so that the patient will be aware on it thus avoiding anxiety outbreak.
- Palliative care is done if the cancer is not anymore controlled. This happens when the cancer cells are metastasizing to other organs, so supportive treatments of symptoms experience are being prioritized to help provide relief.
These treatments should be done immediately the condition is diagnosed so that success rate will be achieved and the goal of treatment will be met.
Therefore, preventions are important in order to avoid cancer especially peritoneal cancer. Remember that prevention is better than cure, so as much as possible live a life in a healthy way, change your bad habits and have an active lifestyle with regular exercise. This way, you will have less possibility of developing cancer.