Anesthesia is a drug commonly used to patients undergoing surgery procedure. It is administer to the patient in order to be pain free during surgical procedures. It affects the brain and body so careful management is a must.
Anesthesia itself can be a dangerous drug so understanding of this medication is very important to know the effects and correlate it with the treatment procedure.
Additionally, there are different kinds of anesthesia that be administered in different ways. It includes the local, regional, and general anesthesia. For local and regional anesthesia, it includes peripheral nerve blocks and the epidural/spinal anesthesia.
The types vary according to the surgeon’s preference and the type of surgery conducted. Anesthesia will neutralize a certain part of the body causing numbness resulting to blocking of the pain receptors.
That’s why during surgery the patients will not anymore feel pain. Moreover, it also blocks the stress reaction that the patient experience to surgeries. Also the muscle and coordination control are commonly affected.
So prior from administering the certain agents, the surgeons should explain carefully the effects that will bring by anesthetics.
The surgeon should consider the fact that these patients have no background knowledge about these anesthetic agents that’s why proper explanation is very important.
On the other hand, the anesthesia side effects after surgery especially general anesthesia are commonly experience by the patient. One of this is body fatigue.
It is the first effect that noted on the patient after surgery that may last up to several weeks. Also, there is suppression of throat reflexes in which it prevents swallowing, coughing and gagging reflex which may later cause aspiration when ingesting fluids or foods.
Additionally, cognitive problems will also be affected. It includes memory, attention and concentration problems that may last few weeks after the surgery.
That’s why other is experiencing forgetfulness and short term memory loss. This is the common feedbacks to patient undergone anesthesia. Moreover, some reported of nausea and vomiting after they wake up from surgery.
These symptoms will fade away after the medication subsides. Also, there is an anesthesia effect that causes a drop in bodily temperature resulting to patient to feel cold after a few hours of surgery.
This feeling will also fade away as the medication wears off in the body. Also there are patients who have allergies to some medications, so a thorough assessment is very important to prevent major complications.
On the other hand, local anesthesia is safe to use and have less major side effects. However, it could bring toxic effects if not properly use, it can be absorb in the bloodstream and into the rest of the body which in turn causes systemic toxicity.
Basically, anesthesia side effects after surgery can affect breathing, gradual increase in blood pressure and other body problems. Additionally, in the regional anesthesia, it is injected to a nerve or spinal cord that can cause numbness, weakness and pain free feeling. It also accompanies systemic toxicity if not properly used.
Aside from that when administering spinal anesthesia the common side effect after surgery is headache. To treat spinal headache the surgeons inject a small amount of patient’s blood called blood patch to seal the whole that the injection take place. And let the patient rest for a long time to let the headache subside. They should be in a complete bed rest without toilet privilege.
When the patient is experiencing anesthesia side effects after surgery, they should practice verbalizing it. Patient are usually, encourage to talk frequently to their doctors or nurses for the effects of anesthesia that they experience.
This maybe the crucial time in the patient’s life that needs to be taken care of. For verbalization of feelings are the most important things especially during assessment for better management of the case. On the other hand, after undergoing general anesthesia, patient are advice to have rest and never ever fed them with foods and fluids for about 6-10 hours to avoid aspiration in which it can complicate to aspiration pneumonia.
It is also very helpful for the health team to know exactly the feelings of the patient so that they can concentrate in giving correct treatments if necessary. However, prior to giving anesthesia, careful consideration is the most important.
Proper assessment of anesthesia effects will help identifying patient suffering from major medical conditions such as heart, circulation and nervous system complications.
Certain information and thorough history taking should be a major priority to ensure the safety of the patient undergoing anesthesia. For in a good assessment a successful outcome will follow.
In preventing this effect the patient should be given highest priority because their health is the responsibility of the health team.