Fear and stress are important emotions for human survival. These emotions can make us finish important things and respond appropriately to various unpredictable and often times, dangerous circumstances.
An average individual experience stress in the forms of fight, flight and fright, these emotions are often provoked by a feeling of genuine threat or challenge, as we use these feeling as a spur to make a right decision and action.
However, excessive fear and stress is not healthy, they are called anxiety disorders. The feeling characterized by apprehension, uncertainty, constant fear, inappropriate arousal, etc can cause damage to a person physically and socially in the long run. The body’s response for anxiety is usually not provoked by a real threat, but then, it can still limit the individual into inaction or withdrawal.
Panic attacks or anxiety disorders include OCD or Obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, phobic disorders, PTSD or post-trauma stress disorder, GAD or generalized anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder. The risks of these forms of panic attacks or conditions usually depend on the specificity of the disorder. But generally it includes, age, gender, traumatic experiences, and medical conditions.
Panic disorders and GAD are the most common forms of anxiety; it affects nearly 5% of Americans throughout their lifetime. They are usually caused by combinations of physical, psychological and genetic factors. In most cases, treatments and medication are very effective in managing this condition. GAD is usually characterized by constant state of anxiety and worry, which is usually out of relation to the real level of stress or threat. And if the state of panic disorders usually occurs more than 6 months even if there’s no enough specific reason for the attack.
It is difficult to manage worry that is why for diagnosis of GAD, worries are often categorized from those that would really define other anxiety-causing disorders like appearing in public and fear of panic attacks. However, these emotions are not obsessive like that of OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Those people who experience GAD often affect their body. Symptoms like gastrointestinal complaints. And they ten to be very overly perfectionist and conforming in things they do.
In the case of age, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder and separation anxiety usually appears during childhood. It is only until puberty that social phobias and panic disorders start to develop.
Gender also plays big part of this kind of the disorder. With the exception of OCD, women are generally twice more susceptible to various forms of anxiety than men.
Traumatic experiences and events can also trigger the disorder; most especially it is a post-traumatic stress disorder that caused an individual great pain in the past.
Medical conditions and history can also affect the individual’s mindset in handling anxiety. Though, there are no hard evidences that can link these two together, panic disorders are triggered by some medical conditions that affect the mind and body of a person like, migraine, premenstrual syndrome, chronic fatigue attacks and obstructive sleep apnea.
The most effective way in treating this disorder is through combination of counseling therapy and CBT or cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication drugs like anti-depressants. Also, a healthy lifestyle which includes balance diet, exercise and adequate rest can greatly decrease the impact of anxiety in one’s health.